Swollen Gums and Braces

Swollen Gums & Braces

Orthodontic treatment can do more than just straighten teeth. It can turn a shy grin into a radiant smile and make you feel like a million bucks! That’s why taking care of your teeth and seeking the necessary dental treatments is so important to your health and self-esteem. Unfortunately, getting the smile you’ve always dreamed about can be a little tough sometimes.

You or your child may suddenly experience swollen gums with orthodontic treatments like braces. It’s part of the territory. As your teeth move, your gums have to adjust as well. The resulting soreness and swelling are common when you first get braces. The mouth needs time to get used to the new hardware.

Tips to relieve some gum swelling and pain:

  • Change your diet. Try eating softer foods and drinking more liquids.
  • Be gentle yet diligent when you floss and brush routinely. Take your time to do it right and not hurt your teeth or gums.
  • Gargle with warm saltwater.
  • Massaging the gums can help. Some recommend using a soft toothbrush to gently rub the gums and mouth.
  • Break those bad habits – avoid biting your nails and chewing on hard objects like pens.

Is it just because of braces, or is there something else that could cause this?

In some cases, long lasting gum swelling can mean something more than just a bit of orthodontic treatment irritation.

Known as gingival enlargement, hypertrophy, or hyperplasia, swollen gums with braces can be a result of an increase in gum cells being produced in the mouth. This condition usually occurs due to medicine or is inherited. Braces may also be the trigger that causes the gum overgrowth reaction.

Because braces traditionally consist of brackets, rubber bands, and wires, it can be difficult to fully and properly clean all the built-up food and gunk from around your oral hardware. That’s why we provide An Orthodontic Cleaning Guide: For Parents Who Aren’t Dentists. As the plaque builds-up, gums can become more and more irritated. Then, gingivitis can occur. While it is extremely important to always take good care of your teeth and gums, it’s especially important to have extra good oral hygiene if you have braces.

Hormones can easily affect the gums as well. Boys and girls going through puberty, and pregnant women, are generally the hormone + swollen gum target. These hormonal spikes can even cause something called “pregnancy gingivitis.” Generally, braces are not put on pregnant women, while kids undergoing puberty may, in fact, be experiencing braces and surging hormones… and so inflamed or irritated gums more so than would be normal with orthodontic treatment.

Still Worried?

Need a routine check-up for your teeth or looking to chat with an orthodontist about treatment? Request an appointment with us easily online, or feel free to give us a call at any of our 5 Middle TN locations. If you are dealing with braces and swollen gums, we can help you to determine whether or not the cause is simply rough brushing or gingivitis. As adults, we know the impact that your smile has on your self-esteem and the way that others view you. Don’t be shy! Bring the whole family to visit us at Snodgrass-King Dental Associates.